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The Journal of Antiques and Collectibles


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☩ ANTIQUE 15" CARVED WOODEN OUR LADY MARY MADONNA BAVARIAE JESUS CHRIST STATUE ☩ Authentic and genuine from Germany! With the designation Patrona Bavariae (Patroness of Bavaria), the Mother of God Mary is venerated as the patron saint of Bavaria. While an intensive devotion to Mary has been known in Bavaria since earliest times, the formal recognition of Mary as patroness of Bavaria was only pronounced by Pope Benedict XV in 1916. The veneration of Mary as Patrona Bavariae was especially promoted by the very religious Elector Maximilian I, who wanted to place Bavaria under Mary's rule and saw himself only as Mary's governor. In 1610 he had a coin minted showing Mary as the patroness of Munich. The Catholic veneration of Mary was increasingly instrumentalized as a distinguishing feature between Catholicism and Protestantism during this period. In the immediate run-up to the Thirty Years' War - the Elector had the bronze statue of the Virgin Mary "Patrona Boiariae" erected on the west side of the Munich Residence, which had been cast by Bartolomäus Wenglein in 1615 according to a design by Hans Krumpper. The Mother of God stands with her right foot on the crescent moon. The scepter in her left hand and a high crown identify Mary as Queen of Heaven. With her right hand she holds the Christ child. With his left hand he embraces the cosmic sphere adorned with a cross as a sign of his dominion over the universe. The head of the Mother of God is surrounded by twelve stars (symbol of the Twelve Tribes of Israel). Beneath the statue, an Eternal Light burns in an angel-adorned bronze lantern. The Latin inscription on the cartouche above the sprinkling gable niche, held by child angels, reads, "Sub tuum praesidium confugimus, sub quo secure laetique degimus" ("Into Thy protection we go, where secure we and joyful live."). This depiction of Mary is very old and goes back to a passage in the Revelation of John (Rev 12:1 EU). During World War II, the sculpture was buried under the imperial staircase of the Residence. When the vaults of the Theatinergang of the Residenz collapsed on April 26, 1944, the Residenz façade on Odeonsplatz was swept up to the ceiling of the first floor. The niche of the Patrona Boiariae lost its pediment roofing as well as the associated cartouche and was also severely damaged. On July 26, 1945, the sculpture was excavated from the filled vaults near the imperial staircase of the residence. In the course of the war-related emergency salvage, the insignia of rulership (crown, scepter, imperial orb) as well as the figure's wreath of stars were lost, which were then recast from the bronze of a melted-down Nazi memorial.During the Thirty Years' War, Elector Maximilian I vowed to have a "godly work" erected if Munich and Landshut were spared from the war. After both cities were spared in the war, Maximilian had the Marian Column made of Adnet marble erected on Munich's Marienplatz in 1638. The Marian column was consecrated on November 7, 1638, the first Sunday after All Saints' Day, by the Bishop of Freising, Veit Adam von Gepeckh. It is not known who designed the column, but it was probably one of the important artists of the time. It is often attributed to Hubert Gerhard. The Marian column is crowned by a gilded bronze statue of the Virgin Mary, probably created by Hubert Gerhard in 1593 for the tomb of Wilhelm V and used until 1613 for the high altar of the Munich Frauenkirche. The statue of Mary is similar to the bronze statue at the Residenz - Mary is standing on the crescent moon, she is crowned and holds in her left hand the blessing Christ child, in her right hand a scepter. After this statue, the most important square in the center of Munich also received the name Marienplatz. Munich's Mariensäule was considered the center of the country and is the metric zero point of the kilometer count of all roads leading into the surrounding countryside. The "Patrona Bavariae" - especially the Marian Column - is still venerated today. For example, the rosary is prayed at the Marian Column in Munich every Saturday at 7:00 p.m. and processions take place. Outside of Munich, Mary is also venerated in Catholic areas as the Bavarian patron saint. Thus, there are countless churches and chapels dedicated to her. The representation of Mary with the above-mentioned attributes - crescent moon, scepter, crown and crown of stars - and with the Christ child in her left hand is also frequently seen. Dimensions without base: 300 mm Dimensions with base: 375 mm Please view the photos as they are part of the description. US & Global Shipping by DHL with Secure Tracking! IMPORTANT: Because of the global pandemic, delivery times have increased. Although I cover the surcharge for Premium DHL at my own expense, there may be delays at customs. In some cases, very extended transit times of up to 60 days may be expected. For destinations in the western United States or in remote areas, transit times may exceed this. Please do not offer if you are not comfortable with this. Please contact me before reporting an item not received on . I will do everything I can to resolve that. Prompt Shipment & Professional safe packaging guaranteed! Trusted Seller with 100% positive response Recent Ratings Details: Weight: 0.6 kg Materials and Technique: It is full round sculptural hand carved out of the finest wood Technique used surface: stained and or waxed by hand Place of Origin: Black Forest in Germany Date of Manufacture: early to mid 20th centuryCondition: Please take a closer look at the pictures for the exact condition. Payments: Easy & Secure by Paypal Handling time: 3 to 4 days guaranteed after the payment is received Your questions are welcomed!
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